Why women leave men for women: What’s fuelling the rise of later-life lesbians?

It happens more than you suspect. So what’s fuelling the rise of the later-life lesbians, asks Lotte Jeffs?

While I helped my aunt fill in the ‘examples of unreasonable behaviour’ section on quickie-divorce.com – an attempt to extricate her from a decade-long marriage to a man who’d made her life difficult in so many ways – she took a glug of wine, turned to me and said, ‘I wish me and Penny [her female best friend] fancied each other. We’d be so happy as a couple.’ ‘Well, why not try it?’ I asked, semi-seriously. We’re a close family; I’m gay and so is her other niece, so no one would bat an eyelid. ‘We never argue,’ my aunt added. ‘Everything would be so easy and fun with Penny – except the sex bit… sadly we could never do that.’ While my aunt, 63, doesn’t have the necessary sexual attraction to seriously embark on a lesbian relationship, lots of other women do. And finding themselves in a similar position to my aunt – that is, realising their long-term relationship with a man has been unfulfilling – they decide to start dating women. 

Dennis Pedersen

Louise Edwards*, a 56-year-old midwife, told me that ‘it was like coming home’ when she eventually began having gay relationships after her 13-year marriage to a man broke down. The ex-couple had three children, who were 11, nine and seven when Louise first got together with a woman. ‘My youngest son and daughter were less bothered than my eldest son – they took it in their stride. I didn’t make a big deal of it and neither did they.’

Being gay in this country is now less of a ‘big deal’ than ever before. When I was a teenager in the late 1990s, chat show host Ellen DeGeneres was pretty much the only out lesbian I’d want a poster of on my wall, but now there are an array of role models, from former Sex and the City star Cynthia Nixon to broadcaster Clare Balding. Even mainstream culture has embraced its Sapphic side: The Favourite – a film about a bawdy love triangle between Queen Anne (played by Olivia Colman), the Duchess of Marlborough and a maid – was the toast of the Oscars. The fact that gay marriage has been legal in the UK since 2014 means that societally it has never been easier for someone in this country to lead a happy and fulfilled life as a gay person. All this goes some way to explain why more and more women of my generation (I’m 37) and older might leave men for other women: it’s just not an issue in the way it once was. 

The 56-year-old historical novelist Elizabeth Fremantle, whose latest book is The Poison Bed, describes herself as bisexual but waited until her late 30s to act on her desire for other women. She told me: ‘I went to a girls’ boarding school and there were two older girls who had an affair. I remember the cruelty of the other students, who ostracised them. It was awful and made me unwilling to talk about my feelings until much later. When I finally did, it was cathartic more than anything.’

To think that it is only external factors – more social tolerance and equality – that might encourage a woman to come out in middle age is to miss the nuances of an individual’s sexuality and emotional trajectory. It is natural for change to occur at a later stage of life. Oak trees can take 30 years to create an acorn – some things need time and experience to come to fruition. 

I asked Lisa Diamond, a professor of psychology who has written a book called Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women’s Love and Desire, is it possible to develop desires at 50 that you hadn’t felt at all previously? Or is it more likely that the feelings were always there but you were just suppressing them?

‘Both are possible,’ she answered from the University of Utah, where she teaches. ‘If you have lived your life focusing on being a good wife and mother, it’s easy to set aside your own desires (certainly, our culture doesn’t encourage women to prioritise their sexual desires). But it is also the case that sexual desire is a dynamic, changeable phenomenon, and it is possible to develop truly novel desires at any stage of life.’

Interestingly for me as a ‘gold-star lesbian’ (one who has never slept with a man), I’ve become increasingly open-minded about how I define my sexuality. If I was not married to a woman, I may well have fallen into a relationship with a man at this age. My wife and I often point out good-looking men – she teases me playfully about fancying my male dentist. 

Dennis Pedersen

Data from public opinion consultant Joe Twyman shows that, in a survey of 3,129 women, 24 per cent have fantasised about sex with a woman but only nine per cent have actually done it. The same question was asked of roughly the same number of men, and 16 per cent admitted to fantasising about sex with another man, while 14 per cent have done it. So perhaps it isn’t that female sexuality is more fluid than male, it’s just more socially acceptable for women to speak about it. 

If your best female friend started sleeping with women after appearing to be straight for as long as you’d known her, an inevitable question would be, well, is the sex really better? The women I spoke to for this story agreed it was more about the individual than the gender that made sex different, but generally speaking, as Louise Edwards explained, ‘the main difference between sex with a man and a woman is the fact that it’s far more likely to be about more than having an orgasm. It’s taking time to kiss and caress each other. It can be slower and much more intimate.’

As for who makes the first move, novelist Elizabeth told me that although she’d always known she was as, if not more, attracted to women than men, she hadn’t the courage to reveal her feelings: ‘I was very shy and socially awkward so ultimately it was good that the woman I had my first relationship with took it upon herself to seduce me.’ She tells me more about the emotional difference in dating men and women in later adulthood. ‘I’m more comfortable with women and find communicating with them much more satisfying. It’s as if I’m speaking my mother tongue with women and a learned language with men.’ 

I asked if she ever regretted not experiencing a same-sex relationship sooner than her mid-30s. ‘Perhaps I regret not being more courageous when I was younger,’ she said. ‘I do feel that I missed out on being part of a scene of likeminded women in my 20s, which might have shaped my relationships.’ The community that embraces you when you come out as gay in midlife can be a big part of the appeal. After Louise came out, she started a local group for lesbian and bi women which became the heart of her social life. 

There must be something quite freeing about the idea of a ‘queer’ life for a woman who has felt stifled by the conventions of being straight and doing what everyone else is doing – getting married and having babies – without ever questioning if it’s right for her. It doesn’t surprise me that a more ‘unconventional’ lifestyle appeals in this way, but I hate to tell you – as a woman who got married, bought a house and had a baby with another woman – the same pressures to conform to tick those ‘life stage’ boxes can still apply. Which is another reason it makes sense that women are waiting until they’ve done all the boring ‘life’ stuff before going gay and really enjoying it. Psychologist Lisa Diamond explains: ‘As people get older, for example, they tend to “trim” their social networks of less meaningful relationships. Individuals often see big changes in hobbies, too, and feel less constrained by social forces.’

Cassandra Grey is one of many high-profile women (fashion retail guru Mary Portas, actress Portia de Rossi, Eat, Pray, Love author Elizabeth Gilbert, to name a few) who have begun same-sex relationships after a break-up, or in Cassandra’s case the death of a male partner. Cassandra is the guru behind smash-hit beauty brand Violet Grey. She is currently in a relationship with Samantha Ronson, the DJ (and sister of Mark), who famously dated Lindsay Lohan. In an interview for US Elle magazine, Cassandra said that the attraction to Samantha was instantaneous, likening the moment to a high-schooler meeting Justin Bieber. If there’s ever an advert for later-life lesbianism it’s Cassandra’s Instagram, which features gorgeous pictures of her lover and captions such as ‘the slightest glance from you, even if it’s from all the way across the room, makes me feel like the luckiest girl in the world…’

Cassandra has spoken openly of her love for her late husband Brad. It was a good marriage and throws doubt on the assumption that falling for a woman is the consequence of negative experiences with men. However, Lisa Diamond points out that, while it may be too simplistic to call it a ‘consequence’, having experienced an unfulfilling relationship with a man might certainly motivate a woman to say, ‘What else is there? What do I want in an intimate relationship?’ She explains that ‘often, women who have been through unfulfilling relationships are more willing to take the risk of entering into a same-sex one.’ 

Dennis Pedersen

And many of the post-straight lesbian relationships I know of are indeed happy. Much of it comes down to the division of emotional labour – the things women do for a family, home or just their partner which often go unreciprocated and even unacknowledged by the man. I generalise, but with two women there is more equality in who does what in this respect because there are no gendered expectations to fall back on or use as an excuse for not mopping the kitchen floor, for example.

‘There’s more of a balance,’ agrees Louise Edwards, who says with her current girlfriend they just ‘do whatever needs doing’. They both notice when water needs changing in a vase of flowers or that the spice rack is a mess – the small things straight women often complain their male partner doesn’t see. 

Elizabeth Fremantle brings an important perspective: ‘I do think that in a heterosexual relationship it’s easy to fall into the clichéd roles but it’s important to resist that. There is no truth that a woman is better at cleaning the loo and I’ve never met a man who’s as good as me at building a flat pack. Whoever I’m with, man or woman, will usually end up doing the cooking, as I have no talent for it.’ There’s no denying that women share the life experience of having been a woman and this creates an intense empathy and intimacy in lesbian relationships that not even the most sensitive man could match. This dynamic is no doubt appealing to women who have never felt truly ‘seen’ by male partners. There are times – such as when my wife and I are getting ready for a night out, painting our nails, talking and listening to music – that I think how lucky I am to be married to a woman. We have such easy, uncomplicated fun together and are best friends – with benefits (and a baby!). 

Alongside the positive aspects of falling for a woman later in life, it would be naïve to think that ‘coming out’ at this stage wouldn’t be without its challenges. Louise Edwards had some friends struggle to understand her new relationship but also felt that some gay women doubted her credentials having been previously married to a man: ‘I wasn’t a real lesbian because I had long hair. I waxed my legs. I had children.’

‘I think it can definitely be harder for older women to tell their friends they are in a same-sex relationship,’ says Lisa Diamond. ‘Often their social networks are comprised of individuals who have a pretty rigid notion of who you are, and they might find that their friends and family think, “This can’t possibly be true at this late stage… what on earth is going on?” The best advice is to remember that you are always in charge of how much you share about yourself to others. Coming into an awareness of your sexuality doesn’t obligate you to share that. Telling someone such a personal detail about yourself is a gift not everyone deserves.’

What advice would a therapist give a woman beginning to acknowledge her burgeoning feelings towards women during a long-term male relationship? Diamond says, ‘I’d advise her to love and accept herself and enjoy the process of self-exploration that these experiences can bring. They’re often portrayed as scary or threatening, but they can be amazing opportunities for growth and self-knowledge.’ 

We are lucky to live in a country that doesn’t persecute people for being gay. Once more and more women begin to truly question their desires and follow their hearts – free from the expectations of their early adulthood (which was perhaps lived in a very different era) – I’m certain we can expect later-life lesbianism to become less of a taboo. And perhaps today’s gender-fluid, sexually non-defining Gen Z teens will feel equally compelled to explore old-fashioned heterosexuality in their middle age. Love is love, after all. 

‘I couldn’t deny who I was any longer’

Lisa Dordal, 54, poet and teacher

Beth Gwinn

I came out at 30 after being married to a man for five years. We’d lived together in San Francisco where we were surrounded by a lot of lesbian and gay people and deep down I knew I was a lesbian. In 1993, I had a dream in which I clearly identified as one. I cried for days, as I didn’t want to be a lesbian. I was married and couldn’t conceive of a different life. But a year later, I realised I couldn’t deny who I was any longer.

In a heart-to-heart with my husband, I admitted I was attracted to women. He wasn’t surprised. In fact, he suspected it. He told me how much he loved me and that he wanted me to be happy, even if it meant we could no longer be together. He moved out shortly after. And I was glad he’d taken this initiative, painful as it was, because I don’t think I was ready to say, ‘I’m a lesbian and we need to get a divorce.’

In hindsight, the clues had been there. As a teenager I’d written poems about girls I had crushes on and I can remember falling in love with my best friend at the age of 14. I’d just never been able to face the truth.

I wrote a long letter to my parents and my mum praised me for my beautiful words. Still, it was a difficult time. It wasn’t as if I could immediately celebrate coming out because there was also a lot of grief about my marriage ending. I had to learn to love myself after years of feeling like something wasn’t right. As a teenager, when dating boys was expected, my sense of self collapsed. Gradually, the longer I was out, those feelings of self-hatred and insecurity fell away. 

People don’t understand how I could have been married to a man without realising that I was a lesbian. They often underestimate the power of cultural norming. I grew up in a traditional family with defined gender roles, but I strongly believe that I was born a lesbian.

In 1998, I met my wife Laurie at a dinner party and we immediately clicked. She is one of the kindest and smartest people I know, and she has always felt like home to me.

‘My “aha” moment came at age 50 the first time we kissed’

Lisa (right) with her partner Virginia – they have been together for 11 years

Lisa Ekus, 61, literary agent

I was married twice – to my first husband for 14 years, with whom I have two daughters, and to my second husband for nine years. I was 39 when I divorced the first time and in my early 50s the second.

In 2006, Virginia Willis, a cookbook writer, submitted a proposal to my agency and we agreed to meet at a food writer’s conference. Her initial appeal to me was that she was an extraordinary writer. But she was also beautiful: red lipstick, pearls and a way with a sentence that made me determined to represent her. 

Our work grew into a friendship that deepened over the years. And although I’d always appreciated the wisdom and friendship of other women, I never thought I was gay. Up until that point I had neither been with a woman nor considered a relationship with one. Then, in 2008, it occurred to me that I was falling in love.

Virginia and I were both in emotionally unsatisfying relationships – me with my second husband and Virginia with another woman. But we didn’t leave our partners for one another. The realisation of what we were missing hit us hard over the course of our years working together. It became clear that we wanted more in life and from our partners.

My ‘aha’ moment came at age 50 the first time we kissed – I refer to this as my midlife epiphany. I believe that it is who Virginia is as an individual that attracted me to her. My comfort level with this woman is far greater than I have ever felt with the men in my life. Virginia is not only wonderful and smart, but she meets my intellectual and emotional needs.

When I knew our relationship was serious, I decided to come out. I told my mum first and she reacted by giving me a high-five. My two grown-up daughters welcomed Virginia with open arms. Her family made me feel welcome, too. We are all very close. Some of my friends have expressed how lucky they think I am to be with another woman, which makes me laugh. They joke: ‘Men age so badly.’

Some clients have taken issue with my being in a relationship with another client. I have to wonder if they’d have felt the same had I fallen in love with a male client. A few left the agency, but most are happy for me. My business continues to thrive, along with my personal life.

If there is anything I’ve learnt it’s that I can trust myself and my instincts. Having divorced twice, I often wondered if something was wrong with me, as I seemed incapable of sustaining a relationship. But the truth is, I can – with the right person. It’s been 11 years since that first kiss and not once do I regret coming out. 

I’d suggest to any woman thinking about it to stay true to yourself. Be fearless. Be kind to yourself – confide in friends or a therapist. But follow your heart.

The poster girls for midlife same-sex love

Elizabeth Gilbert

Noam Galai/Getty Images North America

The Eat Pray Love author, 49 (left), began a relationship with best friend Rayya Elias in 2016, having separated from her husband Jose Nunes (whom she met on the travels described in her book). When Rayya was diagnosed with cancer, Elizabeth realised the depth of her feelings. Sadly, Rayya passed away a year after the pair’s commitment ceremony in 2017. 

Mary Portas

David M. Benett/ Getty Images Europe

The Queen of Shops, 58 (right), was ‘blown away’ when she fell in love with her fashion editor partner Melanie Rickey. After Mary’s divorce from Graham Portas, with whom she has two children, she and Melanie wed; they now have a son, Horatio. Mary says that one perk of being married to a woman is access to each other’s wardrobes: ‘We wear what we like and share it.’

Anna Richardson

Alan Davidson/REX/Shutterstoc​k

The Naked Attraction host, 48 (left), was single after an 18-year relationship with TV director Charles Martin when she saw Sue Perkins at a party in 2013. ‘The planets were singing; there was magic in the air and I realised that I found this person extraordinary,’ says Anna. The pair have been together ever since, but don’t call Anna a lesbian. ‘I’m not into labels.’

Cynthia Nixon


The Sex and the City star, 53 (right), was in a long-term relationship with her male high school sweetheart Danny Mozes (with whom she has two children) before she began dating education activist Christine Marinoni in 2004. ‘I had never dated a woman or even kissed a woman,’ Cynthia recalls. She and Christine married in New York City in 2012.

Portia De Rossi

Anthony Harvey/Getty Images Europe

The actress, 46 (right), aka Mrs Ellen DeGeneres, had been married to a man, filmmaker Mel Metcalfe. But, says Portia: ‘After our first year together, my latent fear of my real sexuality was simmering and about to boil.’ She started dating Ellen in 2004 and the pair married in 2008. Portia says, ‘The only thing we argue about is who loves who more.’

Susie Orbach

Andreas Rentz/Getty Images Europe/Duncan Bryceland/REX/Shuttersto​ck

After a 30-year relationship with Joseph Schwartz, the father of her two children, the psychotherapist (left), 72, fell for Oranges are Not the Only Fruit author Jeanette Winterson in 2010 after Jeanette was sent to interview her. The writer declared afterwards, ‘I’m in love and I don’t care who knows it.’ They married in 2015.

*Name has been changed

If this strikes a chord with you, we’d love to hear your stories at you.features@mailonsunday.co.uk